混境演化 – 磁器口大街雜院微改造

察社辦公室

The urban condition of Ciqikou street west area, the site of this project, is semi-chaotic or could be described as a slum, which is a typical urban form in Hutong areas today in Beijing city. The local people have coined the term “messy yard”.

The spatial condition of the “messy yard” is completely different from its original form as a Siheyuan Yard. The way in which people have inhabited it has changed to a large degree over time. The urban reality may not change easily. The above description is the background of this project. The strategy is to maintain the original structure on its original boundaries, in order to keep the relationship between house and environment. Both windows and the door are modified in position and scale. A continuous canopy was installed.


專案所在地,磁器口大街西片區的城市形態,具備北京舊城大雜院區域的混亂特徵。大雜院的空間形態已經與其前身四合院幾近無關。原有的空間情趣,宗族禮法,光氣環境等場所特徵隨著人口數量的增加及鄰里關係的改變,早已蕩然無存。這種經過數十年演化產生的城市現實,無法在短時間內被輕易改變。專案在這樣的現實背景下展開。改造儘量維持現有建築的外牆主體不動,維持業已存在,建築與環境複雜的物理連接關係。開窗與開門局調整比例和大小,更換保溫效果更好的門窗。增加連續的雨棚和落水管等必要設施。

Work within the boundary is about rearranging the spatial resources, in order to  relink the prison like space back to the city and nature.For the multiple aims, the strategy is about two "boxes", "installations" or "chambers" in the original room. They are “room for table” and “room for privacy”. We call them RT and RP


改造在既定邊界內,重新整理功能,載體的相互關係,固著已經失穩的結構, 同時打破牢獄一般的空間僵局,讓場所重新連接到自然和城市中。28平方米的面積要容納:臥室,會客,工作間,廚房,廁所,儲藏室和展示空間。方案製造兩個載具,就像建築內的小建築,屋中的小屋。一個載具關於隱私,臥室,閨房,廁所。另一個載具關於檯面上的生活,廚房,工作間。以下我們簡單把兩個載具稱為寢屋與案屋。

Outside the volume, for recreating of part of the roof, there are new possibilities for windows, 3 meters high, which one can open for sunlight; but without the need to sacrifice privacy.The new structure is a construct inside the original wall, which has been strengthened. In addition, the reinforced concrete roof is stable enough for people’s weight. Open views and plenty of sun light come together to create a pleasant space.


從外面看,案屋的屋面高度降低,在簷口之間撕開裂縫,實現新的採光機會,並不會造成隱私困擾。大大增加了冬季室內陽光的進光量。案屋牆面通過擴大基礎,鋼筋拉接和整體澆注,加強了已有的結構。重建的鋼筋混凝土屋面與地面層完全不同,充足的日光,開闊的視野,為居住者提供了一個更有尊嚴感的場所。

The window below the roof and above table also functioned as an access to the roof.The other side of the house is the "RP", which is constructed by a light steel structure and plywood. This "chamber" is more like a Chinese traditional "Babu bed" which is both a bed as well as a bedroom. There are spaces for a bathroom, wardrobe, dressing room, etc. There is also a "roof space" on the top of the "bedroom" which provides a personal space for the homeowner, who can have a rest, read or meditate there.


工作臺上方,預留和設置一面可上人的天窗。寢屋與案屋相對,安置在房間最深處。鋼龍骨和木膠合板共同完成一個輕結構的體量。它更像拔步床,除了床本身,還囊括承載了衛生間,化妝間,衣櫥等私密功能。同時,它的頂面也成為一個私密的小角落。一個,獨處,閱讀,思考的空間。

According to the plan, functions within the house have been compressed into two defined spaces, leaving the centre completely free from the chaos which defined the the house completely prior to the plan being enacted. This has thus provided a sense of dignity for those using the space, as well as a sense of comfort. The space can thus also been seen as a sequence, the home being subdivided into both spaces made up entirely of functional aspects as well as spaces defined by clarity. In addition, a small section near the entrance was repaved, creating a bridge between the home itself and its outer environment, as well as extending this sequence outward.


從平面角度看,室內空間由南至北,呈現集約,放鬆,集約的節奏關係。鬆緊疏密產生節奏,使用者不致在狹小混亂中斷送尊嚴。同時,這個鬆緊疏密向室外延伸。相對放鬆的室外空間也就加入到整個空間序列之中。院中更換小部分鋪地材料,也為這種延伸所產生的連貫性產生提示作用。

The strategy is experimental, the installation of two "boxes" cooperate with the original building, and at the same time keeping the relationship with its neighbors. It is my hope that this plan may be a way to stimulate further changes in the environment and urban fabric.


方案的一系列動作,形成某種有效地策略,希望對牢獄一般的大雜院居住環境,起到某種刺激和改變,從而形成進一步的演化過程。

​專案圖紙

Project Information

Project Name: 混境演化 – 磁器口大街雜院微改造

Location: Beijing, China

Architect Office: Chaoffice

Lead Architect:Cheng,Zhi

Completion Year: 2017

Area:28m² 

Photographer:Zhi Cheng, Wen Hou

成直

2000-2005年, 北京建築大學建築學本科

2006-2007年, 愛丁堡大學高階建築設計碩士研究生

2008-2014年, 都市實踐(北京)建築設計諮詢有限公司專案建築師

2014-2016年, 基本聯合工作室聯合創始人,建築師

2016-今, 察社辦公室創始人,建築師

2016年以來,成直專注於小尺度居住建築的改造以及新建工作,並參與察社辦公室的其他日常工作。

察社辦公室:

廣泛關注城市現實,並希望更細節化的觀察城市現象。在建築介入,文本閱讀和寫作,記錄和對話,及理論探索等多角度重新發現和理解我們的生存環境。並試驗和嘗試在操作層面上,給出所需相應的對策。

[TEAM20 Life 現長期徵稿]

如果你對建築設計有興趣、樂於分享內容,歡迎投稿給我們,並附上 300 字內的個人簡介與近照一張。文章若經採用將由 TEAM20 Life 編排,也會開設你的個人專欄喔!

投稿信箱:team20.xyz@gmail.com