House in Possanco
The cultural meeting point joining the house owners and the architects was based on their common interest: an undoubtedly contemporary architecture, but one whose nature and final expression would also be the outcome of a research of the paradigms figuring in the traditional architecture of the region, the Alentejo.
The implantation terrain of this small house, located in the village of Possanco, sets the transition area between the new urban strip and the protected agriculture zone. An extensive northbound plain ends far away at the splendid Arrabida mountain ridge. Sparse water spots of the river Sado spreading, and the Atlantic Ocean defining the horizon complete this scenario of a bold pictorial expression.
The owners wanted a small vacation house that allowed a casual and relaxed enjoyment of their weekend when escaping the urban everyday stress. Our minds were for so long populated by images of the so-called popular architecture, produced before the technological era. They are small houses with sometimes asymmetric roofs, with one of the two garrets longer, almost disproportionate, reinforcing the compact aspect of volumes very much committed to the land where they are built. These long roofs make the houses cosy during the extremely hot summers and yet sober in the winter. The presence of these houses on the Alentejo plains, allied to the whiteness of their lime painting bringing out an almost abstract figure, compose portraits of a singular and surprising beauty.
The first relevant constraint is the triangular shape of the small lot which, when applying the legal distance measures, almost does not allow any formal alternatives. Conceiving the house had still to face a paradox: the most interesting views stand to the north and not south, where the windows should be placed in their quest for light. At south there is the street, traffic and passers-by whose look inside the house owners wanted to avoid.
These two aspects ended up being the key-features of the project and the solution would end being the introduction of yet another paradigm in traditional architecture: the patio
The volume is determined in blueprint by the regulated distances. In profile, the maximum height permitted is reached by the back wall (2 floors) and the front wall, facing the street, stays with the minimum height possible (1 floor). To the passer-by, the result is a house of deformed perspective, in axonometric projection.
這兩個方面最終成為該項目的關鍵特徵，解決方案最終將是在傳統建築中引入另一種範式：露台體積在藍圖中由規定的距離確定。從側面看，允許的最大高度由後牆（2 層）達到，面向街道的前牆保持盡可能低的高度（1 層）。對於路人來說，結果是一個變形透視的房子，在軸測投影中。
In order to receive natural light to the south, we introduced in that long plan 4 patios: a central one, one in the living-room, one in the social toillets and a final one near the children's room.Almost all situated north, the windows guide the views to the amazing landscape. We explored the expressiveness of the white block and its abstract personality. The totality of the volume would be white, roofs included, where the patios resemble bluish excavations, enhancing delicately the strong character of the house. In fact, the building is done almost exclusively with the Alentejo repertoire: white matter, light-shade, thickness/mass, texture.
為了獲得南面的自然光，我們在長長的計劃中引入了 4 個露台：一個中央露台，一個在客廳，一個在公共廁所，最後一個靠近兒童房。幾乎所有的窗戶都位於北方，窗戶將景色引向令人驚嘆的景觀。我們探索了白色塊的表現力及其抽像個性。整個體量將是白色的，包括屋頂，天井類似於藍色的挖掘，巧妙地增強了房子的強烈特徵。事實上，這座建築幾乎完全使用了阿連特茹的所有元素：白質、淺色、厚度/質量、質地。
Project Name: House in Possanco
Location: Alcácer do Sal, Portugal
Architect Office: ARX PORTUGAL
Lead Architect：José Mateus, Nuno Mateus
Completion Year: 2009
Photographer：Fernando Guerra | FG+SG
Founded in 1991 by Nuno Mateus e José Mateus.
In 1993, ARX was the subject of the exhibition "Real Reality" which opened the cycle of Exhibitions of Architecture of CCB. Since then it has participated in numerous exhibitions. Highlights the Exhibition "ARX - Arquivo / Archive" at the Centro Cultural de Belém, inserted under the celebrations of its 20 years.
ARX’s projects received numberless prizes, mentions and nominations, namely the International Architecture Award 2006 with the project for the Biblioteca Municipal de Ílhavo (The Chicago Athenaeum) and the Prize AICA 2003 (International Association of Art Critics) with the project for the Museu Marítimo de Ílhavo, also nominated for the Prémios SECIL 2002 and Mies van der Rohe 2002. Received also the Chicago Athenaeum International Architecture Award 2007 to House in Martinhal and 2008 to Technology College of Barreiro. This project was also in the short list of the Enor and Fad prices 2009.
Also noteworthy is the Fórum Sintra that won the SIL Prize 2012 for "Best Real Estate Development and Trade Services," the Across Awards 2012 for "Most Innovative Shopping Center in Europe", the “Jornal Construir” Prize 2012 for “best Comercial Building”, the Global RLI Awards 2012 for "Mall - Renovation of the Year" and nomination for the ICSC European Shopping Centre Awards 2012.
Also in 2009, House in Romeirão was awarded with Mafra's Municipality Architecture Award.
Beyond projects, articles and references on specialized newspapers and magazines, also published seven monographs on ARX’s work: Uma Segunda Natureza(Blau, 1993), Realidade Real (CCB, 1993), Museu Marítimo de Ílhavo(Caleidoscópio, 2004), Conservatório de Música de Cascais (CMCascais, 2008), ARX Portugal – Nuno Mateus e José Mateus (ArchiNews, 2008), 20 Anos/20 casas (Uzina Books, 2011) e Brick is Red(Author Edition, 2012).
In 2007 a stamp was issued by CTT-Post of Portugal with the Maritime Museum of Aveiro, integrated into the collection of "Contemporary Portuguese Architecture".
Is currently preparing a monograph on ARX: 1991-2013 (Babel-Athena, 2013), with publication scheduled for September 2013.
Graduated in Architecture from Faculdade de Arquitectura / Universidade Técnica de Lisboa (FAUTL) in 1984 and completed in 1987 the "Master of Science in Architecture and Building Design" at Columbia University in New York.
Together with José Mateus, founded in 1991 ARX Portugal Arquitectos.
Ph.D. in Architecture at Faculdade de Arquitetura / Universidade Técnica de Lisboa (FAUTL), 2013.
Guest Associate Professor at Faculdade de Arquitetura / Universidade Técnica de Lisboa and at Universidade Autónoma de Lisboa.
Was Director of the Department of Architecture of Universidade Autónoma de Lisboa between 2004 and 2007.
Lecturer in several conferences on the work of ARX Portugal in Portugal and in several institutions around the world.
Worked previously with Peter Eisenman in New York (1987-1991) and Daniel Libeskind in Berlin (1991).
Graduated in Architecture from Faculdade de Arquitectura / Universidade Técnica de Lisboa (FAUTL) in 1986.
Together with Nuno Mateus, founded in 1991 ARX Portugal Arquitectos.
Guest Professor at Instituto Superior Técnico (IST), in Lisbon.
Ph.D. candidate in Architecture at Instituto Superior Técnico (IST).
President of the Director's Board of Lisbon Architecture Triennale, was also Executive Director of the events Trienal 2007 and Trienal 2010.
Is also currently a member of Babel’s Editorial Board and a member of the Experts Group of the advisory board to the Art in the Lisbon’s Public Space.
Was President of the Southern Regional Assembly of the Ordem dos Arquitectos (2008-2010), as well as Vice President of the Direction of the same Regional Section (2005-2007).
Was Author/Coordinator of the magazine Linha (Architecture, Design and Landscape) of the weekly newspaper Expresso. Was also author/coordinator of the two television series Tempo & Traço for SIC Notícias Channel.
Lecturer in Portugal and in several institutuions around the world. He took part of the jury of the Architecture Prize of São Paulo Biennial in 2003, Europan Spain 2007, ArchiFad 2011 and Experts Board to European Prize for Urban Public Space 2012.